Smoke from forest and savanna fires in Africa absorbs much more solar radiation than was previously thought. This has become clear from analyses of smoke measurements above the clouds made by the SCIAMACHY satellite instrument and published in Geophysical Research Letters.
The average temperature over Europe for 2014 is on track to go down in history as the warmest year since 1500.
Retreating sea ice resulting from global warming will lead to a strong increase in Arctic precipitation. Climate models project that this increase will be as much as 60 percent.