A 2-year measurement campaign of the ZephIR 300 vertical profiling continuous-wave (CW) focusing wind lidar has been carried out by the Royal Netherlands Meteorological Institute (KNMI) at the Cabauw site. We focus on the (height-dependent) data availability of the wind lidar under various meteorological conditions and the data quality through a comparison with in situ wind measurements at several levels in the 213 m tall meteorological mast. We find an overall availability of quality-controlled wind lidar data of 97 % to 98 %, where the missing part is mainly due to precipitation events exceeding 1 mm h−1 or fog or low clouds below 100 m. The mean bias in the horizontal wind speed is within 0.1 m s−1 with a high correlation between the mast and wind lidar measurements, although under some specific conditions (very high wind speed, fog or low clouds) larger deviations are observed. The mean bias in the wind direction is within 2∘, which is of the same order as the combined uncertainty in the alignment of the wind lidars and the mast wind vanes. The well-known 180∘ error in the wind direction output for this type of instrument occurs about 9 % of the time. A correction scheme based on data of an auxiliary wind vane at a height of 10 m is applied, leading to a reduction of the 180∘ error below 2 %. This scheme can be applied in real-time applications in the situation that a nearby freely exposed mast with wind direction measurements at a single height is available.
S Knoop, FC Bosveld, MJ de Haij, A Apituley. A 2-year intercomparison of continuous-wave focusing wind lidar and tall mast wind measurements at Cabauw
Status: published, Journal: Atmospheric Measurement Techniques, Volume: 14, Year: 2021, First page: 2219, Last page: 2235, doi: 10.5194/amt-14-2219-2021