A thermodynamically based model is presented to estimate daily actual evapotranspiration, ET, of a grass site closely resembling reference grass as defined by the Food and Agriculture Organization (FAO) under non-advective conditions, from Meteosat Second Generation (MSG) imagery. Our model is derived from the thermodynamic theory by Schmidt (1915)Combined with an atmospheric boundary layer model. Daily net radiation over the (reference) grass surface is parameterized as a function of global radiation, which can be estimated from MSG observations. We then show that ET over the grass area can be estimated using remotely sensed daily global radiation and air temperature as input only. The validation relied on observations gathered in Cabauw, a site closely resembling the reference grass, as defined by FAO. The comparison with in situ data indicated a bias of 2.8 Wm-2 and a RMSE of 7.7 Wm-2. The possibility of using the approach developed here to provide reference crop evapotranspiration, ETo, is discussed. Due to the ambiguousness of ETo definition regarding local advection effects, it should be noted that we deal explicitly with advection free conditions. It is pointed out that in semi-arid regions local advection cannot be ignored.
HAR de Bruin, IF Trigo, FC Bosveld, JF Meirink. A thermodynamically based model for actual evapotranspiration of an extensive grass field close to FAO reference, suitable for remote sensing application
published, J. Hydrometeor., 2016, 17