Infrasound recordings can be used as input to inversion procedures to delineate the vertical structure of temperature and wind in a range of altitudes where ground based or satellite measurements are rare and where fine-scale atmospheric structures are not resolved by the current atmospheric specifications. As infrasound is measured worldwide, this allows for a remote sensing technique that can be applied globally. This chapter provides an overview of recently developed infrasonic remote sensing methods. The methods range from linearized inversions to direct search methods as well as interferometric techniques for atmospheric infrasound. The evaluation of numerical weather prediction (NWP) products shows the added value of infrasound, e.g. during Sudden Stratospheric Warming (SSW) and equinox periods. The potential transition towards assimilation of infrasound in numerical weather prediction models is discussed.
J. D. Assink, P. S. M. Smets, O. Marcillo, C. Weemstra, J.-M. Lalande, R. Waxler, L. G. Evers. Advances in infrasonic remote sensing methods