Already within the first weeks after the launch of ESA's Earth Explorer mission Aeolus on 22 August 2018, the spaceborne wind lidar ALADIN (Atmospheric LAser Doppler INstrument) provided atmospheric backscatter measurements on 5 September and wind profiles on 12 September 2018. This swift availability of observations from ALADIN after launch is considered as a great success for ESA, space industry and algorithm and processor developer teams. These teams from scientific institutes, numerical weather prediction (NWP) centres, companies and ESA continuously improved and tested the retrieval algorithms and processors using sophisticated end-to-end simulation tools and experience gained with the airborne demonstrator for Aeolus for more than 15 years before launch. This cooperation from the pre-launch phase of Aeolus was extended within a new framework for exploitation activities of Earth Explorer missions named Data Innovation and Science Cluster (DISC) starting in January 2019. The Aeolus DISC activities range from instrument monitoring including calibration to algorithm refinement resulting in updates of the complete processor chain for all product levels every 6 months. DISC teams perform continuous monitoring of the product quality and provide regular reports in supports of external validation teams and ESA. Finally, wind product monitoring and impact experiments with NWP models are building an essential activity within the Aeolus DISC in order to achieve the objective of the Aeolus mission. In order to cover the broad range of activities, a multi-disciplinary team of experts, institutes and companies was established for the Aeolus DISC coordinated by DLR with ECMWF, KNMI, CNRS/Météo-France, DoRIT, ABB, S&T and Serco. During the presentation the Aeolus instrument performance for wind products, the discovered causes of the systematic errors and their correction will be discussed. Main achievements in this area are related to the characterization and correction of enhanced dark signal levels for single "hot" pixels in June 2019, the identification of the harmonic error contribution caused by the varying telescope primary mirror temperature variation in September- October 2019, the error in the on-board computation of the satellite induced Doppler frequency shift, and finally the observed temporal drift of a constant bias caused by drifts in the internal reference path. An outlook to the implementation of these corrections for real-time and reprocessed data products will be given.
Oliver Reitebuch, Isabell Krisch, Christian Lemmerz, Oliver Lux, Uwe Marksteiner, Nafiseh Masoumzadeh, Fabian Weiler, Benjamin Witschas, Fabio Bracci, Markus Meringer, Karsten Schmidt, Dorit Huber, Ines Nikolaus, Frederic Fabre, Michael Vaughan, Katja Reisig, Alain Dabas, Thomas Flament, Adrien Lacour, Jean-Francois Mahfouf, Dimitri Trapon, Matic Savli, Saleh Abdalla, Lars Isaksen, Michael Rennie, Dave Donovan, Jos de Kloe, Gert-Jan Marseille, Ad Stoffelen, Gaetan Perron, Sebastian Jupin-Ganglois, Joost Smeets, Marcella Veneziani, Simone Bucci, Giacomo Gostinicchi, Frithjof Ehlers, Thomas Kanitz, Anne-Grete Straume, Denny Wernham, Jonas von Bismarck, Sebastian Bley, Peggy Fischer, Marta De Laurentis, Tommaso Parinello
. Assessment of the Aeolus performance and bias correction - results from the Aeolus DISC