This work documents and evaluates the tropospheric gas-phase chemical mechanism MOGUNTIA in the three-dimensional chemistry transport model TM5-MP. Compared to the modified CB05 (mCB05) chemical mechanism previously used in the model, MOGUNTIA includes a detailed representation of the light hydrocarbons (C1–C4) and isoprene, along with a simplified chemistry representation of terpenes and aromatics. Another feature implemented in TM5-MP for this work is the use of the Rosenbrock solver in the chemistry code, which can replace the classical Euler backward integration method of the model. Global budgets of ozone (O3), carbon monoxide (CO), hydroxyl radicals (OH), nitrogen oxides (NOx), and volatile organic compounds (VOCs) are analyzed, and their mixing ratios are compared with a series of surface, aircraft, and satellite observations for the year 2006. Both mechanisms appear to be able to satisfactorily represent observed mixing ratios of important trace gases, with the MOGUNTIA chemistry configuration yielding lower biases than mCB05 compared to measurements in most of the cases. However, the two chemical mechanisms fail to reproduce the observed mixing ratios of light VOCs, indicating insufficient primary emission source strengths, oxidation that is too fast, and/or a low bias in the secondary contribution to C2–C3 organics via VOC atmospheric oxidation. Relative computational memory and time requirements of the different model configurations are also compared and discussed. Overall, the MOGUNTIA scheme simulates a large suite of oxygenated VOCs that are observed in the atmosphere at significant levels. This significantly expands the possible applications of TM5-MP.
S Myriokefalitakis, N Daskalakis, A Gkouvousis, A Hilboll, T van Noije, JE Williams, P Le Sager, V Huijnen, S Houweling, T Bergman, JR Nüß;, M Vrekoussis, M Kanakidou, MC Krol. Description and evaluation of a detailed gas-phase chemistry scheme in the TM5-MP global chemistry transport model (r112)
Journal: Geosci. Model Dev., Volume: 13, Year: 2020, First page: 5507, Last page: 5548, doi: 10.5194/gmd-13-5507-2020