Combined NO2 and CO2 observations have the potential to constrain the identification of the locations and strength of urban CO2 emissions, in particular, point sources such as power plants. We report the first results of airborne spectroscopic NO2 and CO2 observations over an urban area in Japan in February 2018. Inversed emission rates of two stacks of the coal-fired power plant for CO2 showed relatively good agreement with those estimated by a bottom-up inventory—the Regional Emission inventory in ASia (REAS) v3.1—within −7% to 40% because the plume shapes were well identified due to constraint by NO2 measurements. The estimated NOx emission rates showed discrepancies more than 80% with those estimated by the REAS v3.1, mainly due to the uncertainties in activity data and emission factors, or in the greatly varying NO/NO2 ratios in fresh plumes, which warrant further investigations when estimating NOx emissions from satellite NO2 observations on km-scales.
Tamaki Fujinawa, Akihiko Kuze, Hiroshi Suto, Kei Shiomi, Yugo Kanaya, Takahiro Kawashima, Fumie Kataoka, Shigetaka Mori, Henk Eskes, Hiroshi Tanimoto. First concurrent observations of NO2 and CO2 from power plant plumes by airborne remote sensing
Journal: Geophysical Research Letters, Volume: 48, Year: 2021, First page: e2021GL092685, doi: 10.1029/2021GL092685