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Improved Rain Screening for Ku-Band Wind Scatterometry

Xingou Xu, Ad Stoffelen

Spaceborne scatterometers for ocean surface winds usually operate in Ku- or C-band. Rather strict quality control (QC) procedures are included in the Ku-band wind retrieval chain for labeling rain-contaminated observations. Existing QC factors represent the deviation of measurements from the wind geophysical model function (GMF) modeled measurement surface. Other QC indicators flag outliers by examining neighborhood consistency. In this article, spatial heterogeneity of rain is further exploited by a new indicator for Ku-band QC, namely, J OSS , the speed component of the observation cost function, J O , of the selected solution (J OS ) in the 2-D variational ambiguity removal (2-DVAR) step of the wind retrieval. First, the characteristics of 2-DVAR speeds in rainy condition are analyzed, and then, the ability of JOSS in quality labeling is proposed and verified by applying it to the Ku-band scatterometer on-board ScatSat. Its effectiveness for rain screening is confirmed with collocated references from the C-band scatterometer on-board the MetOp-B satellite, which are much less affected by rain. With reference to collocated rain rates from the Global Precipitation Mission (GPM), the more direct relations to rain and wind speed errors of the newly proposed QC indicator JOSS than existing QC indicators, including JOS, are illustrated by the analysis of its correlation with rain rates. In a novel approach, JOSS is applied to accept (unflag) more than 75% of the data rejected by the widely applied maximum likelihood estimation (MLE) thresholds (i.e., correct false alarms) in the tropics. The promising results open a new opportunity for improving QC of rain in the Ku-band wind scatterometry benefitting scatterometer applications.

Bibliografische gegevens

Xingou Xu, Ad Stoffelen . Improved Rain Screening for Ku-Band Wind Scatterometry
Journal: IEEE Transactions on Geoscience and Remote sensing, Volume: 58, Year: 2019, doi: https://doi.org/10.1109/TGRS.2019.2951726

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