Numerical weather prediction (NWP) and buoy ocean surface winds show some systematic differences with satellite scatterometer and radiometer wind measurements, both in statistical results and in local geographical regions. It is possible to rescale these reference winds to remove certain aspects of these systematic differences. Space-borne ocean surface winds actually measure ocean surface roughness, which is related more directly to stress. Air mass density is relevant in the airsea momentum transfer as captured in the stress vector. Therefore, apart from the already common "neutral wind correction" for atmospheric stratification, also a "mass density wind correction" is investigated here to obtain a better correspondence between satellite stress measurements and buoy or NWP winds. The bicorrected winds are called stress-equivalent winds. Stress-equivalent winds do not strongly depend on the drag formulation used and provide a rather direct standard for comparison and assimilation in user applications. This paper presents details on how this correction is performed and first results that show the benefits of this correction mainly in the extratropical regions.
J de Kloe, ACM Stoffelen, AH Verhoef. Improved Use of Scatterometer Measurements by Using Stress-Equivalent Reference Winds
Status: published, Journal: IEEE Journal of Selected Topics in Applied Earth O, Volume: 10, Year: 2017, First page: 2340, Last page: 2347, doi: 10.1109/JSTARS.2017.2685242