Recent developments in the densification of the seismic network covering the Groningen gas field allow a more detailed study of the connection between induced seismicity and reactivated faults around the gas reservoir at 3 km depth. With the reduction of the average station distance from 20 km to 4–5 km, a probabilistic full-waveform moment tensor inversion procedure could be applied, resulting in both improved hypocenter location accuracy and full moment tensor solutions for events of M ≥ 2:0 recorded in the period 2016–2019. Hypocenter locations as output from the moment tensor inversion are compared to locations from the application of other methods and are found similar within 250 m distance. Moment tensor results show that the double-couple (DC) solutions are in accordance with the known structure, namely normal faulting along 50°–70° dipping faults. Comparison with reprocessed 3D seismic sections, extended to a depth of 6–7 km, demonstrate that (a) most events occur along faults with a small throw and (b) reactivated faults in the reservoir often continue downward in the Carboniferous underburden. From non-DC contributions, the isotropic (ISO) component is dominant and shows consistent negative values, which is expected in a compacting medium. There is some indication that events connected to faults with a large throw (> 70 m) exhibit the largest ISO component (40%–50%).
B Dost, A Stiphout, D Kuehn, M Kortekaas, E Ruigrok, S Heimann. Probabilistic moment tensor inversion for hydrocarbon-induced seismicity in the groningen gas field, the netherlands, part 2: Application
Status: published, Journal: Bulletin of the Seismological Society of America, Volume: 110, Year: 2020, First page: 2112, Last page: 2123, doi: 10.1785/0120200076