Mixing diagrams are investigated to explore whether mixing of undiluted (adiabatic) cumulus cloud air with clear air from the clear environment can lead to buoyancy reversal, i.e. mixed parcels that are both saturated and negatively buoyant with respect to the dry environment. It is demonstrated that buoyancy reversal occurs at any mixing height. It is also shown that the virtual potential temperature difference between a mixed parcel and the environment is most negative at the top of the cloud. The role of the mean state structure on the buoyancy of mixed parcels is discussed. The analytic expression describing the form of the mixing diagram is shown to be identical to the cloud-top entrainment instability criterion originally derived for a stratocumulus cloud layer capped by an inversion.
SR de Roode. Thermodynamics of cumulus clouds